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Hypothyroidism

  Functions of the Thyroid The thyroid is a small ductless gland weighing less than one ounce, located in the neck along the trachea or windpipe. The thyroid is the only place where iodine can be absorbed into the body.   Iodine comes from the different foods we eat and is necessary in small quantities to make thyroid hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).  These hormones are then circulated throughout the body where they control metabolism in every cell.  Metabolism is the body’s conversion of oxygen from the air we breathe and calories from the food we eat to energy.   What is Hypothyroidism? “Hypo” means too little or under normal, and “thyroidism” is the disease of the thyroid. Therefore, “hypothyroidism” is the disease of too little thyroid activity or decreased thyroid activity. Hypothyroidism is the result of too little thyroid hormone....

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